The rise, fall, and re-energizing of the electric car has created curiosity, controversy, and cutting edge technology. These are some of the highlights of its story.
1884 Elwell-Parker Company Electric
The first true electric “car” was built by an engineer named Thomas Parker in 1884. Described by some as “the Edison of Europe,” Parker was responsible for the electrification of the London Underground and the trams in Liverpool and Birmingham. His prototype electric cars were manufactured by the Elwell-Parker Company. After an 1888 merger, the company essentially had a monopoly on the British electric car market for the next decade.
1898 Egger-Lohner C2 Phaeton
1987 AHF Inductee Ferdinand Porsche‘s first designed car wasn’t a rear engine sports coupe, nor was it a “people’s car.” It was actually this rudimentary carriage appearing chassis powered by two electric motors integrated into the front hubs. The platform could easily be adapted to make a 4WD model, but its range was limited by contemporary battery technology.
The Edison Battery
1969 AHF Inductee Thomas Edison was responsible for many bright ideas near the turn of the century, including the Edison Battery. Realizing that the biggest limitation to the electric vehicle was its power source, Edison sought to build a better battery to power a vehicle of his own design. In addition to powering a vehicle of Edison’s own design, one of Edison’s batteries powered this Bailey electric for a 1,000-mile endurance run in 1910.
1967 AMC Amitron
The Amitron prototype the result of a joint venture between AMC and Gulton Industries. Capable of traveling 150 miles on a single charge, the Amitron was a test bed for innovative technologies like regenerative braking. Measuring in at 85 inches long, the wedge shaped city car did not have any doors, but rather a body that opened like a clamshell.
1996 Chevrolet EV1
The EV1 was a groundbreaking car for both GM and the industry in many ways. It was the first mass-produced electric vehicle in over half a century, it was the first GM car designed from the ground up as an electric, and it was the only car to be sold solely under the General Motors name. The EV1 could not be purchased. Rather it was leased to customers in select cities as a “real-world engineering evaluation” study.
2012 Tesla Model S
Tesla’s first car was a lotus based roadster powered by lithium ion batteries that was capable of traveling 200 miles on one charge. In 2012 Tesla proved it was more than a one-hit wonder with the release of the Model S, a full-size electric luxury car with an impressive driving range that is also capable of savage acceleration.
The 2015 Chevrolet Bolt EV Concept all electric vehicle built upon Chevy’s experience gained from both the Volt and Spark EV to make an affordable, long-range all-electric vehicle to market. The Bolt EV was designed to meet the daily driving needs of Chevrolet customers around the globe with more than 200 miles of range and a price tag around $30,000.